In a developing country like India empowering women is necessary for the rapid development of the country. Even most of the developed countries are very much concerned about women empowerment and so they are seen taking different initiatives for women empowerment. The empowerment of women has become an important topic of discussion in development and economics. So, Team GuideToExam brings to you a number of essays on women empowerment in India that can also be used to prepare an article on women empowerment in India or a speech on women empowerment in India.
100 Words Essay on Women Empowerment in India
At the outset of the essay, we need to know what women empowerment is or what the definition of women empowerment is. Simply we can say that women empowerment is nothing but empowering women to make them independent socially.The empowerment of women is very necessary to make the bright future of the family, society, and country. Women need a fresh and more capable environment so that they can make their own right decisions in each area, whether for themselves, the family, society or the country. In order to make the country a fully-fledged country, empowerment of women or women empowerment is an essential tool for achieving the development goal.
150 Words Essay on Women Empowerment in India
As per the provisions of the Constitution of India, it is a legal point to grant equality to all citizens. The constitution gives equal right to women like men. The Department for the Development of Women and Children works well in this field for the adequate development of women and children in India. Women have been given a higher place in India since ancient times; however, they were not given the empowerment to participate in all areas. They need to be strong, aware and alert every moment for their growth and development. Empowering women is the main motto of the development department because a mother with power can bring up a powerful baby that makes the bright future of any nation.There are many formulation strategies and initiation processes initiated by the Government of India for women empowerment in India. Women constitute half the population of the entire population of the country and need to be independent in all areas for the integral development of women and children. So, empowering women or women empowerment in India is much needed for the all-round development of the country.
250 Words Essay on Women Empowerment in India
In a democratic country like India, it is very necessary to empower women so that they can take an active part in the democracy like men. Many programs have been implemented and directed by the government, such as International Women’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc., in order to sensitize society about the true rights and the value of women in the development of the nation.
Women need to progress in the number of spheres. There is a high level of gender inequality in India where women are mistreated by their relatives and strangers. The percentage of the illiterate population in India is mostly covered by women. The true meaning of women empowerment in India is to make them well educated and leave them free so they can be able to make their owndecisions in any field. Women in India are always subjected to honor killings and never gave their basic rights to proper education and freedom. They are the victims who face violence and abuse in the country dominated by men. According to the National Mission for the Empowerment of Women launched by the Government of India, this step has seen some improvement in empowering women in the 2011 census. The relationship between women and female literacy has increased. According to the Global Gender Gap Index, India needs to take some advanced steps to empower the position of women in society through appropriate health, higher education and economic participation. Women empowerment in India needs to take maximum speed in the right direction instead of being at the nascent stage. Women empowerment in India or empowering women in India can be possible if the citizen of the country take it as a serious issue and take an oath to make the women of our country as powerful as men.
Long essay on women empowerment in India
Women empowerment is a process of empowering women or making them powerful in the society.Women empowerment has become a worldwide issue since the last couple of decades. Various governments and social organizations have started to work for the empowerment of women across the globe. In India government have started to take different initiative for women empowerment in India. Many important government positions are occupied by women and educated women are entering the labor force Professional relationship with profound implications for national and multinational corporations. Ironically, however, this news is accompanied by news of dowry killings, female infanticide, domestic violence against women, sexual harassment, rape, illegal trafficking and prostitution, and a myriad of other similar types. These are a real threat to women empowerment in India. Gender discrimination prevails in almost all areas, whether social, cultural, economic or educational. It is necessary to seek an effective remedy for these evils in order to guarantee the right to equality guaranteed by the Constitution of India, to the fairer sex. Gender equality facilitates the women empowerment in India. Since education begins at home, the advancement of women is accompanied by the development of the family, of society and in turn, will lead to a holistic development of the nation.
Among these problems, the first thing to be addressed is the atrocity committed against women at birth and during childhood. Female infanticide, that is, the murder of the girl, remains a common practice in many rural areas. Despite the passage of the Prohibition of Sex Selection Act 1994, in some parts of India, female foeticide is common. If they survive, they are discriminated against throughout their lives. Traditionally, since children are thought to care for their parents during old age and daughters are considered a burden due to dowry and other expenses that have to be incurred during their marriage, girls are neglected in matters of nutrition, education and other important Aspects of well-being. The sex ratio in our country is very low. Only 933 women per 1000 men according to the 2001 census. The Sex ratio is an important indicator of development. Developed countries usually have sex above 1000. For example, the United States has a sex ratio of 1029, Japan 1041 and Russia 1140. In India, Kerala is the state with the highest sex ratio of 1058 and Haryana Is one with the lowest value of 861.
During their youth, women face the problem of early marriage and childbirth. They do not take adequate care during pregnancy, leading to many cases of maternal mortality. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR), ie the number of women dying in childbirth by a lakh person, in India is 437 (as in 1995). In addition, they are subject to harassment by dowry and other forms of domestic violence. In addition, in the workplace, public places and elsewhere, acts of violence, exploitation, and discrimination are rampant.
The government has taken various measures to prevent such abuses and to empower women in India. Criminal laws against Sati, dowry, female infanticide and feticide, “mockery of the day”, rape, immoral trafficking and other crimes related to women have been enacted in addition to civil laws such as the Marriage Act Muslims of 1939, Other Marriage Arrangements. The Domestic Violence Prevention Act was passed in 2015. A National Commission for Women (NCW) has been created. Other government measures including reservation of representation and education, the allocation for women’s well-being in the five-year plans, provision of subsidized loans, etc. have been taken for women empowerment in India. The year 2001 has been declared the “year of empowerment of women” by the Government of India and January 24 as the National Day of the Child. The Constitutional Amendment Act 108, popularly known as the Women’s Reservation Project that seeks to reserve a third Women in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies has been a highlight in recent times. It was “approved” at the Rajya Sabha on March 9, 2010. Although well intentioned, it may have little or no tangible consequence for the real empowerment of women, as it does not touch upon the core issues that plague them. The solution must contemplate a double attack, on the one hand, on the tradition that is responsible for assigning the low status to women in society and, on the other hand, the abuses perpetrated against them. The bill “Preventing the sexual harassment of women in the workplace”, 2010 is a good step in that direction. Mass campaigns should be specially organized in villages in favor of the survival of the girl child and the provision of human rights for her, including education and health. Empowering women and thus rebuilding society would lead the nation on a path of greater development.
Article on Women Empowerment in India
Women empowerment has turned into a consuming issue everywhere throughout the world including India since a most recent couple of decades. Numerous organizations of United Nations in their reports suggest that women empowerment is very necessary for the all-round development of a country. Though inequality between men and women is an old issue, empowering women is considered a primary issue in the modern world. Thus women empowerment in India has become a contemporary issue to discuss.
What is women empowerment– Women empowerment or empowering women means liberation of women from the horrible grasps of social, practical, political, rank and gender oriented discrimination. It implies giving them the opportunity to make life decisions independently. Empowering women does not signify ‘worshipping ladies’ rather it implies supplanting patriarchy with equality. Swami Vivekananda cited that, “There is no possibility for the welfare of the world unless the state of women is enhanced; It is unrealistic for a flying creature to fly on just a single wing.”
The position of women in India– In order to write a complete essay or article on women empowerment in India we need to discuss the position of women in India. During the period of Rig Veda, women enjoyed a satisfactory position in India. But gradually it starts to deteriorate. They were not given the right to get the education or to take their own decisions. In some parts of the country, they were still deprived of the right to inheritance. Many social evils like dowry system, child marriage; Sati Pratha, etc. were started in the society. The status of women in the Indian society noticeably deteriorated especially during the Gupta period. During that period Sati Pratha became very common and people started to support dowry system. Later during the British rule, a lot of reformation in the Indian society could be seen to empower women. The efforts of many social reformers like Raja Rammohun Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar etc. did a lot to empower women in Indian society. Due to their tireless efforts finally, Sati Pratha was abolished and Widow Remarriage Act was formulated in India. After the independence, the Indian Constitution came into force and it tries to empower women in India by enforcing different laws in order to protect the status of women in the country. Now women in India can enjoy equal facility or chance in the fields of sports, politics, economics, trade and commerce, media etc. But due to illiteracy, superstition or long lasting evil that had been crept in the minds of many people, women are still tortured, exploited or victimized in some parts of the country.
Government Schemes to empower women in India– After the independence different government have taken different steps to empower women in India. Various welfare schemes or policies are introduced from time to time for women empowerment in India. Some of those major policies are Swadhar (1995), STEP (Support to training and employment program for women2003), National Mission for the empowerment of women (2010) etc. Some more schemes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, The Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana, Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme for the children of working mothers are been sponsored by the government to empower women in India.
Challenges to women empowerment in India –
On the basis of biased perspective, women are discriminated the most in India. A girl child has to face discrimination from its birth. In most parts of India boys are preferred over girls and thus female infanticide is still practiced in India. This evil practice is truly a challenge to women empowerment in India and is not only found among the illiterates, but also among the upper-class literate people. Indian society is male dominated and in almost every society males are considered superior to women. In some parts of the country, women are not given the priority to express their views on different social issues. In those societies, a girl or a woman is put to work at home rather than sending her to school.The literacy rate of women is very low in those areas. In order to empower women literacy rate of women needs to be increased. On the other hand loopholes in the legal structure is a major challenge to womenempowerment in India. A lot of laws have been introduced in the Indian Constitution to protect women against all kinds of exploitation or violence. But in spite of all those laws cases of rape, acid attacks, dowry demand have been increasing in the country. It is because of the delay in legal procedures and the presence of lots of loopholes in the legal procedures. Besides all these, several causes like illiteracy, lack of awareness, superstition have always been a challenge to women empowerment in India.
Internet and women empowerment – The Internet has been playing a vital role in empowering women across the globe.The growing access of the web in the late 20th century has enabled women to be trained using various tools on the Internet. With the introduction of the World Wide Web, women have begun using social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter for online activism. Through online activism, women are able to empower themselves by organizing campaigns and expressing their opinions on the rights to equality without feeling oppressed by members of society. For example, on May 29, 2013, an online campaign initiated by 100 women defenders forced the leading social networking website, Facebook, to remove several hate-spreading pages for women. Recently a girl from Assam (Jorhat district) has taken a bold step by expressing her experience on the street where she has been ill-behaved by some boys. She exposed those boys through Facebook and later a lot of people from all over the country come to support her and finally those evilly minded boys were arrested by police. In recent years, blogs have also become a powerful tool for the educational empowerment of women. According to a study conducted by the University of California at Los Angeles, medical patients who read and write about their illness are often in a much happier and more informed mood than those who do not. By reading the experiences of others, patients can better educate themselves and apply strategies that their fellow bloggers suggest. With the easy accessibility and affordability of e-learning, women can now study from the comfort of their homes. By empowering themselves educationally through new technologies such as e-learning, women are also learning new skills that will be useful in today’s globalized world.
How to empower women in India
There is a question in the minds of everyone “How to empower women?” Different ways or steps can be taken for women empowerment in India. It is not possible to discuss or point out all the ways in an essay on womenempowerment in India. We have picked out a few ways for you in this essay.
Giving land rights to women- Economically women can be empowered by giving land rights. In India basically, land rights are given to men. But if the women get rights to their inherited lands equally like men, they will get some sort of economic independence. Thus it can be said that land rights can play a vital role in empowering women in India.
Assigning responsibilities to women – Assigning responsibilities to women can be the key way to empower women in India. The responsibilities that usually belong to men should be assigned to women. Then they will feel equal to men and gain confidence as well. Because women empowerment in India will be possible if the women in the country gain self-esteem and confidence.
Microfinancing- Governments, organizations, and individuals have taken over the attractiveness of microfinance. They hope that the loan of money and credit will allow women to function in business and society, which in turn gives them the power to do more in their communities. One of the main objectives of the founding of microfinance was the empowerment of women. Low-interest rate loans are given to women in developing communities in the hope that they can start a small business and provide for their families. But It must be said, however, that the success and efficiency of microcredit and microcredit are controversial and constant debate.
Conclusion – India is a vast country having world’s largest democratic government. The government can take bold steps to empower women in India. The people of the country (especially men) should also give up ancient views on women and try to inspire women to get independence socially, economically and politically as well. Besides, it is said that there a woman behind every successful man. So men should understand the importance of women and assist them in the process of empowering themselves.
Here are a few speeches on women empowerment in India. Students can also use it to write short paragraphs on women empowerment in India.
Speech on women empowerment in India (Speech 1)
Good morning to all. Today I am standing before you to deliver a speech on women empowerment in India. As we know that India is the largest democratic country in the world with almost 1.3 billion populations. In a democratic country ‘equality’ is the first and foremost thing that can make democracy successful. Our constitution also believes in equality. The constitution of India provides equal rights to men and women. But in reality, women don’t get much independence due to the dominance of males in the Indian society. India is a developing country and the country will not be developed in a proper way if half of the population (women) will not be empowered. Thus there is a need for women empowerment in India. The day when our 1.3 billion people start to work together for the development of the country, we will definitely surpass other developed countries like U.S.A., Russia, and France etc.
Mother is the primary teachers of a child. A mother gets her child ready to take formal education. A child learns to speak, respond or acquires basic knowledge of different things from its mother. Thus mothers of a country need to be empowered so that we can have a powerful youth in the future. In our country, it is very much necessary for the men to know the importance of women empowerment in India. They should support the idea of empowering women in the country and they need to encourage the women by inspiring them to step forward to learn new things. So that women can feel independent to work for the development of the families, society or the country. It is an old idea that women are made only to do household works or they can only take minor responsibilities in a family. It is not possible for a man or a woman to run a family alone. The man and the woman equally contribute or take responsibilities in the family for the prosperity of the family. Men also should assist women in their household works so that women can spare a little time for themselves. I have already told that there are a lot of laws in India to protect women from violence or exploitations.
But rules can do nothing if we don’t change our mindsets. We the people of our country need to understand why women empowerment in India is necessary, what should we do to empower women in India or how to empower women in India etc. We need to change our way of thinking towards women. Freedom is the birthright of women. So they should get full freedom from the males. Not only the men but also the women of the country should change their mindset. They shouldn’t consider themselves inferior to men. They can acquire physical power by practicing Yoga, martial arts, karate etc. The government should take more fruitful steps to empower women in India.
Speech on women empowerment in India (Speech 2)
Good morning everybody. I am here with a speech on women empowerment in India. I have chosen this topic as I think it is a serious matter to discuss. We all should be concern about the issue women empowerment in India. The subject of strengthening of women has turned into a consuming issue everywhere throughout the world including India since the most recent couple of decades. It is said that 21st century is the century of women. From the ancient times, women have been facing lots of violence or exploitation in our country. But now everybody can understand that there is a need to empower the women in India. Government and private organizations are taking initiatives to empower women in India. As per the Constitution of India, gender discrimination is a serious offense. But in our country women don’t get many opportunities or social or economic independence as compared to men. Several causes or factors are responsible for it. Firstly there is an old belief in the minds of the people that women cannot do all works like men. Secondly the lack of education in some parts of the country pushing the women backward as without much formal education they are still unaware of the importance of women empowerment. Thirdly women themselves consider themselves inferior to men and they themselves step back from the race of getting freedom. In order to make India a powerful country we cannot leave 50% of our population in dark. Each and every citizen should take part in the process of development of the country. Women of the country should be brought forward and should give them the opportunity to use their knowledge for the development of the society and the country as well. Women additionally need to engage themselves by being solid on a basic level and thinking from the mind. The way the ordinary difficulties confront life should likewise address the social and family troubles that confine their empowerment and progression. They have to figure out how to grasp their existence with each test each day. The poor execution in the empowerment of women in our nation is because of gender inequality. As per insights, it has been seen that the extent of genders in many parts of the nation has been lessened and have turned out to be just 800 to 850 women for each 1000 men. As indicated by the World Human Development Report 2013, our nation positions 132 out of 148 nations around the globe by gender inequality record. Thus it is very much necessary to change the data and do our level best to empower women in India.
Speech on women empowerment in India (Speech 3)
Good morning to all. Today on this occasion I would like to say a few words on the topic “women empowerment in India”. In my speech, I would like to throw some lights on the real condition of women in our Indian society and the necessity of empowering women in India. Everybody will agree if I say a home is not a complete home without women. We start our daily routine with the assistance of women. In the morning my grandmother gets me up and my mother serves me with food early so that I can go/come to school with a bellyful breakfast. Similarly, she (mother) takes the responsibility to serve my father with the breakfast before he goes to the office. There is a question in my mind. Why are women only responsible for doing household works? Why don’t men do the same? Each member of a family should help each other in their works. Cooperation and understanding is very necessary for the prosperity of a family, a society or for a nation as well. India is a developing country. The country requires the contribution from all the citizens for a swift development. If a part of the citizens (women) don’t get the opportunity to contribute to the nation, then the developments of the nation will not be swift. So there is an importance of empowering the women in India to make India a developed country. Still, in our country, many parents don’t allow or inspire their girls to go for higher studies. They believe that girls are made only to spend their lives in the kitchen. Those thinking should be thrown out of the mind. We know that education is the key to success. If a girl gets educated, he will become confident and there is a chance of getting employed. That will provide her financial independence which is very important for women empowerment. There is an issue that works as a threat to women empowerment in India – Underage marriage. In some backward societies, girls are still get married at their teenage. As a result of that, they don’t get much time to get the education and they accept slavery at an early age. Parents should encourage a girl in getting the formal education. At last, I must say that women are doing a great job in every field in the country. So we need to believe in their efficiency and should inspire them to go ahead.
This is all about women empowerment in India. We have tried to cover as much as possible in the essay and the speech. Stay tuned with us for more article on this topic.
Essay on Women Empowerment In India
This is the article by Prof. V.P. Gupta, Director, Rau’s IAS Study Circle, New Delhi
Women Empowerment itself elaborates that Social Rights , Political Rights , Economic stability , judicial strength and all other rights should be also equal to women.There should be no discrimination between men and woman. Women should now there fundamental and social rights which they get once they born.
- There should be respect and dignity towards Women.
- Have total independences of their own life and lifestyle inside the home and also outside at their work.
- They should make their decision , by their own choice.
- They should have a high social respect in society.
- They have equal rights in society and other judicial works .
- They should not be discriminated while providing any type of education.
- They should select their own economic and financial choices by their own.
- There should not be any discrimination between woman and man while giving jobs and employment .
- They should have safe and secured Working location with proper privacy.
This article caters to the ‘Role of Women’ , Women Empowerment In India and ‘Social Justice’ portions of General Studies – Paper I & II and also for Essay Paper in UPSC Main Examination.
“We cannot all succeed if half of this are held back.”
There is no denying the fact that women in India have made a considerable progress in almost seven decades of Independence, but they still have to struggle against many handicaps and social evils in the male-dominated society. Many evil and masculine forces still prevail in the modern Indian society that resists the forward march of its women folk. It is ironical that a country, which has recently acclaimed the status of the first Asian country to accomplish its Mars mission in the maiden attempt, is positioned at the 29th rank among 146 countries across the globe on the basis of Gender Inequality Index. There has been amelioration in the position of women, but their true empowerment is still awaited.
Swami Vivekananda, one of the greatest sons of India, quoted that, “There is no chance for the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved, It is not possible for a bird to fly on only one wing. ” Therefore, the inclusion of “Women Empowerment’ as one of the prime goals in the eight Millennium Development Goals underscores the relevance of this fact. Thus, in order to achieve the status of a developed country, India needs to transform its colossal women force into an effective human resource and this is possible only through the empowerment of women.
Empowering women to participate fully in economic life across all sectors is essential to building stronger economies, achieve internationally agreed goals for development and sustainability, and improve the quality of life for women, men, families, and communities.
What is women empowerment?
Women empowerment means emancipation of women from the vicious grips of social, economical, political, caste and gender-based discrimination. It means granting women the freedom to make life choices. Women empowerment does not mean ‘deifying women’ rather it means replacing patriarchy with parity. In this regard, there are various facets of women empowerment, such as given hereunder:—
Human Rights or Individual Rights: A woman is a being with senses, imagination and thoughts; she should be able to express them freely. Individual empowerment means to have the self-confidence to articulate and assert the power to negotiate and decide.
Social Women Empowerment A critical aspect of social empowerment of women is the promotion of gender equality. Gender equality implies a society in which women and men enjoy the same opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life.
Educational Women Empowerment It means empowering women with the knowledge, skills, and self-confidence necessary to participate fully in the development process. It means making women aware of their rights and developing a confidence to claim them.
Economic and occupational empowerment It implies a better quality of material life through sustainable livelihoods owned and managed by women. It means reducing their financial dependence on their male counterparts by making them a significant part of the human resource.
Legal Women Empowerment It suggests the provision of an effective legal structure which is supportive of women empowerment. It means addressing the gaps between what the law prescribes and what actually occurs.
Political Women EmpowermentIt means the existence of a political system favoring the participation in and control by the women of the political decision-making process and in governance.
The position of Women in India: The position enjoyed by women in the Rig- Vedic period deteriorated in the later Vedic civilization. Women were denied the right to education and widow remarriage. They were denied the right to inheritance and ownership of property. Many social evils like child marriage and dowry system surfaced and started to engulf women. During Gupta period, the status of women immensely deteriorated. Dowry became an institution and Sati Pratha became prominent.
During the British Raj, many social reformers such as Raja Rammohun Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, and Jyotirao Phule started agitations for the empowerment of women. Their efforts led to the abolition of Sati and formulation of the Widow Remarriage Act. Later, stalwarts like Mahatma Gandhi and Pt. Nehru advocated women rights. As a result of their concentrated efforts, the status of women in social, economic and political life began to elevate in the Indian society.
Current Scenario on Women Empowerment -. Based on the ideas championed by our founding fathers for women empowerment, many social, economic and political provisions were incorporated in the Indian Constitution. Women in India now participate in areas such as education, sports, politics, media, art and culture, service sector and science and technology. But due to the deep- rooted patriarchal mentality in the Indian society, women are still victimized, humiliated, tortured and exploited. Even after almost seven decades of Independence, women are still subjected to discrimination in the social, economic and educational field.
Major landmark steps taken for women empowerment.- Provisions made under the Constitution of India such as: Right to equality under Article 14 of the Indian Constitution guarantees to all Indian women equality before law; Equal pay for equal work under Article 39(d), guards the economic rights of women by guaranteeing equal pay for equal work; and Maternity Relief under Article 42, allows provisions to be made by the state for securing just and humane condition of work and maternity relief for women.
Acts like the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, prohibits the request, payment or acceptance of a dowry. Asking or giving dowry can be punished by imprisonment as well as fine; Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, provides for a more effective protection of the rights of women who are victims of domestic violence. A breach of this Act is punishable with both fine and imprisonment; Sexual Harassment of Women at Work Place (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013, helps to create a conducive environment at the workplace for women where they are not subjected to any sort of sexual harassment.
Panchayati Raj Institutions As per the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, all the local elected bodies reserve one-third of their seats for women. Such a provision was made to increase the effective participation of women in politics.
Women’s Reservation Bill: It is a pending Bill in India which proposes to reserve 33% of all seats in the Lok Sabha and in all State Legislative Assemblies for women. If passed, this Bill will give a significant boost to the position of women in politics.
Various Government Policies and Schemes-. The Government of India is running various welfare schemes and policies, both at State and Central levels for the empowerment of woman. Some of the major programs and measures include Swadhar (1995), Swayam Siddha (2001), Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP-2003), Sabla Scheme (2010), National Mission for Empowerment of Women (2010) etc. All such policies and programs focus on social, economic and educational empowerment of women across various age groups.
Thus, there has been no dearth of social, economic, political, legal and Constitutional efforts made for the empowerment of women both prior to and post-Independence. However, women in India continue to face atrocities such as rape, dowry killings, acid attacks, human trafficking, etc. According to a global poll conducted by Reuters, India is the “fourth most dangerous country in the world for women”.
Women Empowerment — Challenges
Perspective: The most widespread and dehumanizing discriminations against women are on the basis of the biassed perspective. The discrimination against the girl child begins from the birth itself. Boys are preferred over girls; hence, female infanticide is a common practice in India. The ordeal that an Indian girl faces at birth is only the beginning of a lifelong struggle to be seen and heard.
Patriarchate Bottlenecks The traditional Indian society is a patriarchal society ruled by the diktats of self-proclaimed caste lords who are the guardians of archaic and unjust traditions. They put the burden of traditions, culture, and honor on the shoulders of women and mark their growth. The incidences of “honor killing” reveal the distorted social fiber in the male-dominated society.
Economic Backwardness: Women constitute only 29% of the workforce but forms majority of the destitute in the country. There has been a failure in transforming the available women base into human resource. This, in turn, has hampered not only the economic development of women but also of the country’ as a whole.
Implementation Gaps Through all these years, the attention is only on developing and devising new schemes, policies and programmes and have paid less attention to the proper monitoring system and implementation short-sightedness, for e.g. despite the presence of The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Technologies Act and various health programmes like Janani Suraksha Yojana and National Rural Health Mission (NHRM), our country has a skewed sex ratio and a high maternal mortality . rate (MMR).
Loopholes in the legal structure Although there are a number of laws to protect women against all sorts of violence yet there has been the significant increase in the episodes of rapes, extortions, acid, attacks etc. This is due to delay in legal procedures and the presence of several loopholes in the functioning of a judicial system.
Lack of Political Will: The still- pending Women’s Reservation Bill underscores the lack of political will to empower women politically. The male dominance prevails in the politics of India and women are forced to remain mute spectators.
Way ahead starts with bridging the deep-rooted biases through sustained reconditioning. It is only possible by promoting the idea of gender equality and uprooting social ideology of male child preferability. This concept of equality should be first developed in each and every household and from there, it should be taken to the society. This can be achieved by running sustained awareness programs with the help of Nukkad Natak or dramas, radio, television, Internet, etc. across the country.
Replacing ‘Patriarchy’ with Parity: A strong patriarchate society with deep- rooted socio-cultural values continues to affect women’s empowerment. The need of the hour is an egalitarian society, where there is no place for superiority. The Government should identify and eliminate such forces that work to keep alive the tradition of male dominance over its female counterpart by issuing inhumane and unlawful diktats.
Education is the most important and indispensable tool for women empowerment. It makes women aware of their rights and responsibilities. Educational achievements of a woman can have ripple effects for the family and across generations. Most of the girls drop out of schools due to the unavailability of separate toilets for them. The recently launched ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ focusing on improving sanitation facilities in schools and every rural household by 2019, can prove to be very significant in bringing down the rate of girls dropping out of school.
Political Will: Women should have access to resources, rights, and entitlements. They should be given decision-making powers and due position in governance. Thus, the Women Reservation Bill should be passed as soon as possible to increase the effective participation of women in the politics of India.
Bridging implementation gaps: Government or community-based bodies must be set up to monitor the programs devised for the welfare of the society. Due importance should be given for their proper implementation and their monitoring and evaluation through social audits.
Justice delayed is justice denied. Efforts should be made to restructure the legal process to deliver fair and in- time justice to the victims of heinous crimes like rapes, acid attacks, sexual harassment, trafficking and domestic violence. The idea of fast-track courts, devised to impart speedy justice to the victims of rapes and other crimes against women, is a good initiative taken by the judiciary and the Government of India.
Conclusion: Empowering women socially, economically, educationally politically and legally is going to be a Herculean task. It is not going to be easy to change the culture of disregard for women which are so deep-rooted in Indian society. But it does not mean that it is implausible. Only revolutions bring changes in a day, but reforms take their time. This one, in particular, will take its time as well. The idea of women empowerment might sound hard by the yard, but by the inch, it is just a cinch. All we need is a concentrated effort focused in the right direction that would rest only with the liberation of women from all forms of evil.
‘There is no tool for development more effective than the empowerment of women.”—Kofi Annan
Some More Detail Overview on Women Empowerment
Women empowerment a much raised and discussed topic around the globe? But why is it necessary? Why are we trying to fill this gender gap? What is gender gap? Why are women not given that equality level and trust in the society ! it is 21st century and women still have to run for their rights? If we ourselves could try to get the balance then there would be no need for this whole campaign for women empowerment. A house maker can anytime be a corporate leader! And we have series of example in our country itself ! then why do we yet need this women empowerment concept? Well is this gender gap filled in all states? Are women in the country getting their deserved rights? And are they educated till the age boys are? Are they forced to get married at a young age? Well staying in urban areas we have forgotten this topic! But the reality check says that this topic needs much more attention than it is getting. Women empowerment is not only to be known topic but it is that one should bring in practice. If u aim to empower women you will be an indirect force to empower a family. Women form a chain of knowledge that she has. It is always passed on to someone ! yes, you read it right a house maker is a dynamic source of knowledge! And she is the one who can bring society to betterment . don’t you remember Indira Gandhi , Mother Teresa , Lakshmi bai ( Jhansi ) Savitri bai Phule and Sarojini Naidu?
They were the ones that irrespective of their profession worked for the mankind and their work is yet appreciated by us . why? Ever wondered? What will happen if we decide to educate all the women in the country? Well, I think the country will finally be tagged as Developed instead of developing.
Empowerment is not just a word or to provide facilities it is beyond that . many of us use this word casually or really do not know what the word empowerment stands for? Well
Empowerment is a multi-dimensional process which should enable individuals or a group of individuals to realize their full identity and powers in all spheres of life.
According to websters dictionary the word empowerment indicates the situation of authority or to be authorized or to be powerful . in other words, empowers means to authorize . so empowerment is a process which gives women power or authority to challenge some situation.
The term empowerment indicates a process of giving to developing conditions for generating power within . therefore conceptually the term empowerment has multi-dimensional focus and can be described as a process wherein a group or individuals are able to enhance their status in the society on the hand and overall participation and growth in the other. Empowerment is an active multi-dimensional process which enables women to realize their identity , position, and power in all spheres of life. Empowerment provides greater making the process at home and in the matters autonomy in the decision-making the process at home and in the matters concerning society and freedom from customs , beliefs, and practices.
Empowerment demands a drastic and basic changes in the system or marriage and family , husband and wife relationship and attitude towards the socialization a remarriage.
Empowerment is a process that gives a person freedom in decision making .
definition of empowerment -: Keller and me we – “empowerment is a process whereby women become able to organize themselves to increase their own , self-reliance to assert their independent right to make choices and to control resources which will assists in challenges and eliminating their own subordination
P.K.B Nayar – empowerment is an aid to help women to achieve equality with men or at least to reduce gender gap considerably.
Now, what is women empowerment? What are its features? And what are the schemes that are provided to the women in India to grow? What should women do in order to feel empowered to reduce this gender gap? Is education enough? Or do they need to be balanced economically as well as socially? And if yes what do they do to get that economic balance? Start their own ventures or go for a job?
Will the society accept them as an entrepreneur? Or they will again have to give up on their dreams! Well, this one answer my article won’t be able to answer you! It is something you got to discover yourself. Of the fear of society is what haunting one person then nothing can help him to overcome him except the persons will power. Women should not stand for their rights but also help the ones who are deprived of these rights and can not speak for them. Working hand in hand can be more beneficial . “ unity is strength” a not to be explained phrase . and it works wonders . women can get hold of their rights by being empowered together. But before that one should know what does this term “ Women empowerment “ actually means ?
Women empowerment is a prerequisite for creating a good nation . if a women empowered her competencies towards decision – making will need to promote women empowerment among the rural women. Empowerment includes higher literacy level and education for women , better health care for women and children equal ownership of productive resources , their rights and responsibilities , improved standards of living and acquiring empowerment include , economic empowerment social empowerment and gender justice that is to eliminate all types of discrimination against women and the girl child.
Women empowerment is not a new concept it is quite a well-known concept around the globe. Women all over the world have been challenging and changing gender inequalities since the beginning of history . these struggles have also been supported by many men who have been outraged at injustice against women and thereupon the consequences for the society. The goal of women empowerment is simply providing strength to them. The strength may be giving political or economic authority or provision of health and nutrition of health and nutrition care or social element in the poverty eradication. Empowerment of women , particularly rural women has become an important issue in the strategies of balanced development with social justice. Economic empowerment results in women’s ability to influence or make a right decision, increase self-confidence better status and role in household etc.
I bet if everyone in the country started thinking like The country’s first prime minister , Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who said “when women move forward the family moves , the villages moves, and the nation move” employment gives economic status to women , economic status gives way to social status and thereby empowerment” then no one can stop women to grow in our country and take the country along with it to new heights.
It is believed that economic strength is the basis of social , political a psychologically power in the society . thus the lower strata of women mostly stem from their low economic status. And subsequent dependence and lack of decision-making power. Therefore if women gain economic strength they gain visibility and voice.
Women have a unique position in the economy . in our country with an unfavorable woman – man ratio and strong patriarchal roots . entrepreneurship and assets to funds have been difficult.
Facilitating that women’s direct participation in decision-making capacity and income generation activities can make significant contributions towards women empowerment . this will enable women to take the initiative for their development into their own hands. And entrepreneurship can help women to gain economic development and improve their social status . once they attain development of women entrepreneurship enables society to understand and appreciate their abilities. It enhances their status and leads to the integration of women in nation building and economic . it provides the needed psychological satisfaction and imbues them with a deep sense of achievements to create their enhanced identity in society.
Characteristics of women empowerment.
The following are the characteristics of women empowerment.
- Women empowerment is giving power to women. It is making women better off. It enables a greater degree of self-confidence and sense of independence among women.
- Women empowerment is a process of acquiring power for women in order to understand their rights and to perform her responsibilities towards oneself and others in a most effective way. It gives the capacity or power to resist discrimination imposed by the male dominated society.
- Women empowerment enables women to organize themselves increase their self-reliance and it provides greater autonomy.
- Women empowerment means women’s control over material assets intellectual resources and ideology . it challenges traditional power equations and relations.
- Women empowerment abolishes all gender base discrimination in all institutions and structures of society . it ensures participation of women in policy and decision-making the process at domestic and public levels.
- Women empowerment means exposing the oppressive powers of existing gender social relations.
- Women empowerment makes women more powerful to face the challenges of life, to overcome to the disabilities , handicaps, and inequalities . it enables women to realize their full identity and powers in all spheres of life.
- Empowerment also means equal status to women . it provides greater access to knowledge and resources greater autonomy in decision making greater ability to plan their and freedom from the shackles imposed on them by custom belief and practice.
- Women empowerment occurs within sociology , psychological , political cultural , familial and economic spheres and at various levels such as individual, group and community.
- Women empowerment is an ongoing dynamic process which enhances women’s abilities to change the structure and ideologies that keep them subordinate. Women empowerment is a process of creating awareness and capacity building .
In the process of empowerment women should consider their strengths and weakness opportunities and threats and move forward to unfold their own potential to achieve their goals through self-development . in our country empowering women through enterprise development has become an integral part of our development efforts due to three important advantage entrepreneurs , economic growth an social stability .
The promotional schemes available in the country in order to develop women entrepreneurship are as follows.
- Mahila Nidhi.
- Mahila vikas Nidhi
- Priyadarshini yojana .
- Trade-related entrepreneurship assistance and development ( TREAD).
- Special programs conducted by the SIDO ( small industries development organization)
- CWEI ( the consortium of women entrepreneurs of India.
- WIT ( women India trust).
- SWEA ( self-employed women association) .
- SHG’s ( self-help group)
- FTWE ( federation of women entrepreneurs)
- Income generating schemes by Department of women and child development.
- KVIC ( khadi villages industries commission)
- DIC ( District industrial centers )
- Women cell
- Women industries fund schemes.
These schemes can financially help the women but she has to take her own decision! Step out motivate each other and let the stars work for you! And of course, our government who is coming up with various schemes to make women socially and economically strong.
This is all about women empowerment a topic which really needs to be known to all the people out there. It is not about just handful but for the 586.47 million which is nearly 48,5% of women in the country.
I m sure working for such a huge crowds development will make our country reach new heights of development.
Success Story of Women
SHANTA PHUYAL JITPUR SUCCESS STORY
Shanta Phuyal working on the farm
Three years ago, the villagers didn’t want their daughters and daughter in laws to spend time or even to speak with Shanta but now she has been an inspiring figure for all. People wish that Shanta is a part of their daughter’s daily lives. Unexpected changes have occurred in Shanta Phuyal life who resides in Jitpur VDC-5. The Volunteer Initiative Nepal helped bring changes to her life.
She was married for nine years. After marriage, Shanta had to face many challenges because of the big family and traditional agriculture system. Though her family owned 20 ropanis of land, the yielding was not enough for their daily food requirements were selling the crops was not even imaginable. Shanta recalls the past.
Three years ago Volunteer Initiative Nepal conducted various training for farmers about off seasonal vegetable cultivation, not using pesticides, high yielding seeds production, women empowerment etc. Shanta got an opportunity to take part in the training program. And that opportunity became a great cause that brought her to this empowered condition.
Now she cultivates various seasonal and off seasonal vegetables and the yielding doesn’t only fulfill their daily flooding requirements for her family of 8 members but she has also been able to sell vegetables worth 1 lakh rupees yearly.
According to her, she cultivates vegetables like pumpkin, spinach, potatoes, radish, cauliflower, bitter gourd, cucumber etc. “In the past yielding from the same land was not enough for meals,a” she says ” but now since we have started commercial farming, the yielding is high and also the earning”.
Shanta being the chairperson of Adarsha Mahila Samuha, a local women empowerment group, aims to merge the other two groups and register asanagriculture group developing her village as an model village. She also wishes to rare cows and start commercial dairy sales and be equipped with the instruments required for modern farming.
All the requirements of her in-laws and other members of the family are being fulfilled and she gives all the credit for her progress to the trainings provided by Volunteer Initiative Nepal.
She asks all women not to limit themselves in home but be open to new opportunities and learn more in the field of their interest. She says” so, we should participate in various programs and trainings, this will help us learn new ideas”.
In the past though we spent a lot of time in the field, the outcome would not be as expected. But now we cultivate using the modern ideas and techniques and this gives high yielding with minimum labor, time and investment. This also helps save the income. ” major cause for remaining underdeveloped is lack of knowledge. Now the trainings have aroused confidence in us and people praise my work” she says. In the past I had to ask for economical help but now I have been able to help others” she adds.
Training alone is not enough but practicing the techniques learnt in training is the matter that matters” says Shanta. Shanta plans to participate in all the training programs in future. The accomplishments that Shanta made in such a short time has been a key inspiration to all the women in Jitpur village.
|Products||3 YEARS AGO||NOW|
|Pumpkin||just enough for home||sales worth 50-60 thousand rupees|
|Spinach||just enough for home||yearly sales worth 30 thousand rupees|
|Potatoes||just enough for home||sales worth 3 thousand rupees|
|Cauliflower||not cultivated||sales upto 10 thousand rupees|
|Bitter gourd||just enough for home||sales worth 20-30 thousand rupees|
|Cucumber||cultivated only for food||sales worth 4-5 thousand|
Story Number 2
DIL KUMARI LAMICHHANNE
Empowering marginalized communities is one of VIN’s main goals. This can be achieved not only with the help and work of staff and volunteers but also with the support from community villagers (among others). When this support is recognised, we think it’s necessary to highlight its importance.
In Phedi, DIL KUMARI LAMICHHANNE, aged 62 years old belongs to Mukteshwor Women’s Empowerment group. She is illiterate, lives with her eight family members and has 5 ropani (land) where she farms peas, potato, spinach and radish. Among her skills (daily work), we can mention Goat keeping, Candle making (small amount for selling), Housework and Organic pesticide preparation (she has used it on her field). With her income, she runs her family though her son helps her as well.
She is a proactive person, who is really interested in women’s work and involvement as a group. She believes that underdeveloped people live in the dark, while developed people “bright” in a certain way. She would like to see all women under “bright light”.
She is satisfied with the work VIN has been performing in the community, as she can see how things have improved. Before VIN started working, there was no education and no skills in general. After VIN’s arrival, women have committed in groups, involved in literacy classes as well as different trainings (life skills trainings, vegetable farming –seasonal and off seasonal-, etc.).
She is always encouraging women to participate in the different activities and to work together as a group (as an example, last Phedi women’s group formation has been done at her house). She is involved in Women’s Cooperative activities, have opened and account and taken a loan (15000 Rs for vegetable farming).
According to some women who live in Phedi (some belongs to her women’s group, others to different ones), Aama is always thinking about them, not only regarding their personal situation but their families as well. Whenever there is training in Phedi, she goes house by house and encourages them to assist. They like the way she is, they said she has a lot of knowledge and she’s always sharing information with them; they are inspired by her and think if she wasn’t there, maybe there wouldn’t be any group work. All of them agreed she is a role example for them.
As we can see, her main focus is Women’s development (she is the president of Single Women Group in Jitpur Phedi VDC as well). She is known by everybody in the community and is a respected person, playing a leading role among her people. She is always willing to help, encouraging people and supporting them for their own improvement.
Here we will take some International Example of Women’s
STATUS OF WOMEN IN NEPAL
Nepalese society is dominated by a patriarchal worldview. Land and property inheritance is patrilineal, residence patterns are patrifocal and women are heavily dependent on male family members regardless of their education or economic attainment. Women also lag far behind men in education, health care, employment, politics and decision making. Illiteracy, poverty and conservative social taboos continue to limit women’s abilities to lead happy, productive lives. VIN understands that an empowered woman means an empowered community, so we strive to equip women as leaders and change agents. By offering education, income generative skills, microcredit and dedicated health care to women, we lay the foundation for better communities.
Women’s empowerment is central to prosperous communities. In Nepal, the national government, local and international NGOs have facilitated significant gains in women’s social indicators, such as increased literacy, increased mean age of marriage and declines in fertility, maternal mortality and gender discrimination. Women’s life expectancy is also on the rise. Despite these achievements, persistent problems remain and new issues are emerging. VIN’s efforts target the following key sectors:
Women and Health:
According to the United Nations, Nepalese women remain at the lower end of the scale of the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Gender Inequality Index (GII) in South Asia. The general immunization, health, and nutrition situation of women in Nepal remains very poor, particularly in rural areas. Statistics shows that one out of every 24 Nepali women will die during pregnancy or child birth, making reproductive health care a major focus of intervention.
Major Issues in women’s health
- Shorter life expectancy
- Elevated infant and child mortality rates and neglect of girls’ health
- High maternal mortality rate
- High male to female sex ratio. Women die earlier and more often. Families prefer male offspring.
- Lack of access to adequate health services, especially reproductive health care and contraceptive devices.
Women and Education
Overwhelming gender gaps in literacy, enrollment and attainment offer a clear picture of gender disparity in the educational sector. Social, economic, and cultural factors exacerbate the situation and illustrate the need for a holistic response. As few Nepali women enter skilled work and leadership in the private and public sectors, it remains difficult for women to find role models, champions and new opportunities.
Major Issues in women’s education
- Low absolute levels of female education (literacy rates and educational attainment)
- Poor enrollment rates due to lack of household resources; lack of sense of importance since girls will marry; girls’ workload at home; high school fees; lack of female teachers or adequate facilities
- Significant gender gaps in education
Women and Economy
According to the United Nations, Nepal is the second poorest nation in Asia by per-capita GDP. While 40 percent of women are economically active, their role as manual laborers and mentors is discounted. Limited access to education and productive assets such as property and credit confines many to menial jobs in the agricultural sector. Working women are often self employed, but cannot rise above subsistence farming without credit or training in modern farming practices.
Major Issues in women and economy
- Women as unpaid family workers in subsistence agriculture
- Low level of technology and primitive farming practices
- Long work hours; carrying the double burden of work in the family and farm; their contribution to income and economic wellbeing of the family is not recognized
- Poor access to credit and marketing networks
- Poor self-confidence
- Social and cultural barriers such as exclusive responsibility for household work, restrictions on mobility etc.
VIN’s Women’s Empowerment Program is one of four pilot projects launched in rural Jitpur Phedi V.D.C, on the outskirts of Kathmandu Valley and planning to extend its project in Okhaldhunga. Since day one, this program has addressed women’s education, health and economic issues using a holistic, sustainable approach. We believe that an empowered woman can create an empowered community.
WHO ARE THESE WOMEN?
VIN works with women from the ages of 14 to 45. We focus on communities in Jitpur Phedi that:
- Suffer from acute poverty
- Depend on subsistence farming
- Suffer from poor health and sanitation
- Show evidence of gender discrimination
WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT PROGRAM GOALS
Improved quality of life for Jitpur Phedi’s women through:
- Economic tools (Income generation, microcredit, marketing networks, new technology)
- Education that focuses on individual rights and life skills
- Improved health (via the Community Health Program)
The Women’s Empowerment Project aims to achieve the following objectives:
- A fully autonomous and sustainable microcredit system
- An Income Generation Program (IGP) that provides 80 percent of women beneficiaries with a sustainable, local source of income
- Increased agricultural and non-agricultural income sources by 85%
- Promotion of specialty non-agricultural products that generate sufficient income during the off-season (e.g. hand-crafted products)
- Promote organic farming techniques through the demonstration of our pilot project
- Over 95% of the women aged 14 to 45 achieve at least a fifth-grade education in order to participate in IGP
- Provide life-skills training to 95 percent of women in VIN’s working areas
- Establish social groups for women, which create solidarity and reinforce microcredit, life-skills training and income generating efforts and ultimately grow women leaders
BENEFICIARIES/ TARGET GROUP
VIN is working to reach 95 percent of women in Jitpurphedi VDC through women’s groups. There are currently 35 women’s clubs, each with nine to 11 members. Each group covers a particular subject, such as:
- Vegetables farming (25 groups)
- Goat keeping (5 groups)
- Candle-making (2 groups)
- Sewing and knitting (3 groups)
HOW WILL WE MEET THE TARGET?
VIN has identified three key problem areas for intervention:
|Area of Intervention||Approach|
|Women and Economy||Supply women with economic tools through the Income Generation Program and microcredit cooperative|
|Women and Education||Literacy, life-skills, gender and legal rights classes etc|
|Women and Health||The Community Health Program|
WHAT ACTIVITIES WILL BE CONDUCTED?
There are four components of the Women’s Empowerment Project:
- COMPONENT 1: Microcredit/Cooperative
- COMPONENT 2: Income Generation Program
- COMPONENT 3: Women’s Education, Legal Rights and Life Skills Training
- COMPONENT 4: Women’s Health (through the Community Health Program)
ARE THERE ANY VOLUNTEER OR INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS AVAILABLE IN WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT PROJECT?
Yes! VIN offers volunteer and internship opportunities for individuals or groups seeking to volunteer abroad in Nepal or Intern abroad Nepal with and / or for women.
Volunteers and interns can work with us in these three areas:
- Income Generation Support Program
- Microcredit/Cooperative Support Program
- Women’s Education, Rights and Life-Skills Support Program
If you are interested in volunteering or interning for women’s health, check out our Community Health Program
Click Here to Apply
Shord Vedio Deepika Padukone – “My Choice” Directed By Homi Adajania – VOGUE Empower